Types of Wood floors

If you’re in the process of building a new home or remodeling your old home, you’ll want to consider a variety of Wood choices. Not every Wood is a suitable choice for every home – just like a granite counter-top is not right for every single kitchen. You’ll want to look at the hardness, color variations, durability, And ability to handle moisture And humidity for your climate.

Types of Wood floors

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid Wood flooring comes in three main types. Each type is available in both an Unfinished And a Pre-finished version.
Refer to our page Unfinished vs Pre-finished to learn more: Unfinished Vs Pre-finished Hardwood Floor

* Strip flooring

This type of flooring is denoted by the thickness And width of the Wood planks. Strip flooring has a set width, but the thickness can vary. Strip flooring ranges in thickness from 5/16 of an inch to 3/4 of an inch wide. It is available only in widths of 1 1/2 inches, 2 inches And 2 1/4 inches.

* Plank flooringHome

It is available only in thicknesses of 1/2 inch or 3/4 inch And a range of widths from 3 inches to 8 inches. Plank flooring only comes in two thicknesses, but unlike strip flooring, the widths can vary.

* Parquet flooring

They are made up of geometrical patterns composed of individual Wood slats held in place by mechanical fastening or an adhesive. Parquet floors have a very different look from typical hardwoods.

Engineered Wood Flooring

Engineered flooring is produced by adhering layers of plastic Laminate veneer With real Wood. Engineered Wood flooring should not be confused With Laminate Wood flooring, Laminate flooring contains no actual Wood.

Acrylic-impregnated Wood Flooring

This type of flooring is most commonly used in commercial, not residential, projects. Acrylic-impregnated Wood flooring is infused With sealant And color throughout the thickness of the Wood. This type of Floor is very hard And it is highly resistant to moisture And scratches.

Wood Varieties:

* Mahogany
* Cherry
* Pine
* Oak, White And Red
* Beech
* White Ash
* Maple
* Birch
* Douglas Fir
* Hickory
* Pecan
* Cypress

There are a host of other natural hardwoods, but these are the most common. They have varying degrees of hardness, color ranges And moisture stabilities.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How long refinishing a hardwood floor takes?

That depends on the size of the project. Normally sanding & finishing is a three day process, but allow four in case the finish isn’t dry from one day to the next, depending upon weather conditions.

faq hardwood floors

What is laminate Wood and engineered flooring?

Laminate Wood flooring is basically plywood With a veneer Wood on the top layer. Engineered flooring is basically vinyl attached to an underlayment. Despite what anyone tells you, these types of flooring cannot be refinished. There isn’t enough, if any, Wood to sand but if you must choose between laminate and engineered, the life expectancy of an engineered floor is longer.

What kind of hardwoods can I place on a concrete sub floor?

If moisture conditions are acceptable, two of the most widely used applications would be engineered hardwood floors glued direct With the proper adhesives, and floating engineered flooring types. The latter typically glued by tongue and groove and floated over a foam cushioned underlayment. Floating floors are also available in the click together style that require no gluing. More traditional 3/4″ solid hardwoods on concrete can be accomplished With the addition of a plywood sub floor, used as a nailing base over the concrete. However, this raises problems With door entries and other items. Overall vertical height of the new floor will increase by 1 1/2 inches. Unfinished engineered hardwood floors eliminate vertical height issues and can be stained or finished to any desires.

What about putting hardwood in my kitchen?

Hardwood is extremely durable, and With minimal care will far outlast most floor covering. Kitchens are the focal point in many homes and hardwood will warm your kitchen, making all your guests feel right at home. By taking such precautions as cleaning spills as they occur, keeping scatter rugs in high traffic areas such as in front of your sink, refrigerator, etc. Felt cushions on chair legs, and using proper cleaning procedures, your floor should maintain its beauty for years to come.

Can I put hardwood in my bathroom?

Hardwood is installed in 1/2 baths in many instances. If you have a tub or a shower, careful consideration should be given. Water and Wood do not mix!

Can I stay in my home during the floor sanding process?

Yes, however access to the floors will be restricted because of the need for a certain amount of drying time each day.

What about Prefinished (also called factory finished) versus unfinished (also called job-site finished) hardwood floor?

Unfinished product. A Prefinished floor can be installed in a day. An Unfinished flooring installation may require up to four days, depending upon the space.

What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of installing Prefinished hardwood flooring versus installing Unfinished hardwood flooring?

There is nothing better than an Unfinished hardwood floor that is sanded and finished on site. To help you understand the difference, you first have to understand the process. Prefinished flooring is manufactured in a facility mostly by conveyor belt method. After the hardwood is kiln dried, tongue and grooved, and beveled on the edges, it is placed on a conveyor belt where the stain (unless “Natural”) is applied and then dried on the top of the boards. From there, it continues down the conveyor belt where thin amounts of a water-based polyurethane finish are jet-sprayed on top of the boards. Each coat of finish is applied in a thin layer so that it will dry quickly before the boards reach the next set of sprayers. This process continues until each board has approximately 7 – 8 coats of sprayed-on type finish.

You should also know that each run that each time a new run is made, the dye lot changes. Sometimes the color will change just slightly, almost unnoticeable; however, sometimes the color is not even close to the color of the previous production. Prefinished flooring comes in a variety of thicknesses (i.e. Solid, laminate, engineered, etc.); however, the manufacturing process is the same.

Unfinished hardwood flooring, after it is sanded and finished, it is flat and smooth (if done properly). Most Unfinished hardwood flooring does not have a beveled edge so dust and dirt getting trapped between the boards is not a problem. If stained, the stain is applied in a wipe on, wipe off excess, technique which allows the hardwood to look more natural (as hardwood was intended to look) and, more importantly, the polyurethane finish is applied With an applicator in thick coats giving the customer a longer-lasting wear protection. Unfinished hardwood floor allows a Custom stained colors.

I am a handy guy, can I do it Myself? Is it easy?

Have you noticed how many websites around the Internet make it sound like hardwood floors is an easy weekend project. In my opinion there is far too much hype With “Do It Yourself” hardwood floors. Why? Online hardwood floors retailers want that sale and home improvement stores assume anything can be a do it yourself project. Some sites will provide you With a guide “how to do it yourself” , even videos, everything to make a sale.

If you’re looking at hardwood floors, consider a professional for the work. However, if you are determined, look at the pictures at your left and right, results from unexperienced hardwood floor installers and think again

Going Green Flooring: Environmentally friendly, Eco-friendly, nature friendly and Green flooring

Going Green…..?

If you love the richness and warmth of Wood floors but are concerned about depleting the environment in the process, try reclaiming a bit of history to get those beautiful floors without ravaging nature. Using salvaged Wood is the ultimate in recycling, and it’s a growing trend that’s not only eco-friendly but stylish, too.

Going Green Flooring

Sure you may be making a good choice buying some bamboo or cork flooring. After all both products are renewable to some extent. Bamboo grows extremely fast and can be replenished quickly by planting more. Depending on who you talk to the consensus for bamboo from seedling to harvesting is 5-7 years. Cork itself comes from the bark of the Mediterranean cork oak tree and is harvested every 10 years or so. It doesn’t harm the trees and does grow back.

Reclaimed Wood was harvested anywhere from 100 to 300 years ago and was used to build railroad trestles, old barns, industrial warehouses and other structures. Wood salvaged from the demolition of these structures can have a new life in your kitchen floor.

This Wood is denser, more stable, adds instant history to your home and is the only source for such by-gone species as heart pine and chestnut. If you have fallen in love With heart-pine flooring, salvaged lumber is the only way you will have such beauty in your kitchen since the old-growth long leaf pine is no longer around in any quantity, same for the beautiful American chestnut.

These are not just pretty floors but also a storytelling element.

The reclaimed Wood was originally harvested from the 1700s through the late 1800s, when the old-growth forests were exhausted. And that’s not a replaceable resource since old growth equals slow growth. It grew slowly due to larger trees above acting as a canopy and limiting sunlight and rainfall. That slowly grown Wood is much denser and stronger than other Wood, such as that from sustainable forests, which grows faster.

Bamboo Flooring: The other alternative

Bamboo is a grass which grows quickly. To obtain the height and quality of bamboo used for flooring, only five to eight years is needed before harvesting. Ease of growth and sustainable harvesting practices make this product a wise choice. Most bamboo for flooring comes from the Hunan province of China. It’s not a food source for pandas, which generally inhabit higher-elevation forests. Despite the long-distance transport of the product to the United States, the durability, hardness, and short regeneration time of bamboo provide justification for using it for flooring.

But, you have probably heard all about the benefits of bamboo floors. They are environmentally-friendly, durable, and beautiful. You are probably not aware of the various disadvantages of bamboo flooring. These floors are extremely easy to dent and scratch. They come only in two colors, this is because bamboo resists attempts to stain it. It is also very common for these floors to fade over time.

Why Hardwood?

Wood has always been a popular choice for flooring. Until recently, the price of Wood floors has often been out of reach of many consumers. But With rising popularity, manufacturers have developed products to meet a variety of budgets. Wood flooring offers many benefits, ranging from increased resale value to allergy prevention.

Why Hardwood

Natural, Stylish, Durable, Beautiful, Warm

You can bet that of all types of flooring, A Hardwood Floor will have the most longevity And will never go out of style. Wood has been a long-time winner With many homeowners due to its lasting nature. Not only does it add a natural warm

And an in iting atmosphere to a room, it’s also quite “forgiving” Hardwood offers many well-known advantages.

  • It’s natural, beautiful, warm, And easy to maintain.
  • It costs about as much as other high quality Floor
    coverings, but it lasts longer.
  • It creates a healthy environment, minimizing the risks
    of dust allergies.
  • Hardwood enhances a home’s interior And adds much
    to its resale value.

There are dozens of species available, all With unique attributes to fit almost any design. There are a host of colors, grain textures, And profiles available. Take the time to compare the many possible Floor coverings. According to industry experts hardwoods are actually less expensive overall than other alternatives. Unlike other Floor covering options, Wood is very forgiving. Repairs, restorations, refinishing usually is possible. Further more Hardwood Floors are easy to clean, more sanitary than carpet, offer an almost infinite array of styles, And outlast all other flooring types.

How To Get Dog Urine Out Of Carpet?

If you have a pet dog in your home, you might get regular surprises from him whenever you adjust your furniture. Cleaning dog urine is not much difficult when you notice it immediately. But, it might be the case that you’re pet had done the deed long ago and you cameto know about that recently. In that case, it is really going to be difficult. However, there are ways to clean the carpets and get rid of dog urine easily and restore the carpet. how to remove set in urine stains from carpet?


Various methods on how to get dog urine out of carpet have been discussed here:

How can i remove dog urine odor from carpet?

#1.  If the urine has been let out by your pet recently, then it might be very easy to clean. All you need to do is just put a wet towel over the carpet along with a heavy weight. It would absorb the urine in some time. Make sure that you dip the towels in cold water else they might ruin your carpet. Around 10 minutes of time would be sufficient.

#2. In this method, be sure that you know exactly when the urine was passed. If it had been already soaked, you might need to put a wider layer of wet towel over the carpet. Also, once the urine has been removed, do not forget to pour cold over the carpet directly. This would remove the smell of urine to a large extent.

#3. After cold water, spray an enzymatic cleaner so that the proteins of urine are broken down and the smell is removed. Pets generally tend to urinate over the same spot. This enzymatic cleaner would also stop him for urinating in the same area. Different types of enzymatic cleaners are available in the market. It depends on the stuff of your carpet as to which one you should select.

#4.  You can repeat the method in case your carpet is still not back to its former glory. This time, leave the towel there for over a night.

#5.  Remember, the towels you have used inthis entire method should be directly disposed of, otherwise your pet would sense the smell of it and mark them again.

#6. Finally, you can steam clean the carpet so that the minute traces of the stains are also removed. You can rent a steam cleaner from a home store if you think that buying it would be a waste of money.

How do you get old pet stains out of carpet?

#1. This is comparatively difficult than cleaning new stains method. And, you need to know correct method of How To Get Dog Urine Out Of Carpet. You would need to buy a special UV light or fluorescent black light for the purpose. You can avail these kinds of bulbs at any domestic store.

#2. The stains of the pet urine might not be visible to you in daylight, especially if they are too old. But, the odour from them might be stinking the entire house. So, start at night and search for them in your carpets at night. In darkness, switch ON your UV light and start searching. As soon as you see yellow or green colour spots, stop and confirm that it is pet urine.

#3. Clean the stains as soon as you find them. If there are a large number of stains, you can take advantage of a marking tape or something. If you do not have anything like that, just place some items on the stains. And, one by one, start cleaning them by using the same method of soaking a towel in water and placing it over the carpet. Again, use enzymatic cleaner and clean the area using steam cleaner.

$4. This time, you would have to definitely clean the area using steam cleaner as the stains would be rigid. Also, an additional step of oxidation would need to be implemented. Oxidisers release oxygen, which is an important gas to remove the unwanted smell from various areas. But, make sure that you are not cleaning a silk carpet because a silk carpet might be destroyed by oxidation.

#5. Oxy-Clean products seem to be containing oxygen, but they don’t. Instead, they use hydrogenperoxide. Hence, resist using them.

How to remove pee stains from a mattress.

Removing dog urine smell step by step

1. If the area is still wet you should first attempt to absorb the dog urine. Leaving it there to dry out will only encourage bacterial growth which causes the smell. The best method is to place several layers of paper towel over the wet area and tread on it so as to soak up as much of the dog urine as you possibly can. You may have to repeat this several times until no more urine can be soaked up.

Sometimes dog urine accidents have already dried because you did not notice them previously. You can find dried urine patches on your carpet with the aid of a black light. The dog urine stains will fluoresce under the ultra violet light in a darkened room. Hand held black lights are quiet inexpensive usually costing between $15 – $25

2. The next step is to mix a solution of fifty percent white vinegar and fifty percent water. You must use a liberal amount of this solution to reach the carpet fibers deep down. Work the solution in with a scrubbing brush to ensure it penetrates the carpet fibers below. Now blot the area again using the paper towel method above. The vinegar will neutralize the ammonia in the dog urine. This area must now be allowed to dry which you can assist by using a fan or opening the windows. If you own a wet and dry vacuum extractor use that to remove excess moisture.

3. When the area has dried sprinkle a good handful of baking soda over the soiled area. Mix half a cup of 3% hydrogen peroxide with a teaspoon of detergent. Ordinary dishwashing detergent is quite suitable. Put on a pair of rubber gloves and slowly pour the hydrogen peroxide and detergent mixture over the baking powder. Work the dissolving baking soda well into the carpet, first with your fingers and then with a scrubbing brush.

Once again allow the area to dry completely and then vacuum thoroughly. In areas that have been heavily soiled with dog urine you may have to repeat the process again.

Important. Never use ammonia or ammonia-based products on the carpet to remove pet pee. One of the ingredients of urine is ammonia and your dog or puppy may well be encouraged to re-offend in the same area if it detects the smell of ammonia. Many household cleaner cleaners contain ammonia so be sure to read the label.

Use Nature’s Miracle Stain & Odor Remover or another one of the safe enzyme based pet stain odor removers you can buy at most pet stores They work very well.

Cleaning Tips: Wood Floor Care The Right Way

Practical advice to get the job done more efficiently

Styles come and go — remember shag carpet? That’s actually good for carpet and hard floor cleaning professionals, especially if you take the time to stay in touch with the latest cleaning techniques.

One trend is the growing popularity of wood, cork and other hard floor materials. You can profit from this trend if you have existing customers who have or are considering installing wood flooring in their home or business. William Griffin, in an article on wood floor care in Cleanfax.com, recognizes the opportunities and offers some practical advice for cleaning wood floors the right way.

“In the past,” Griffin says, “many of these flooring materials required detailed procedures, products and equipment in order to properly maintain and restore their natural beauty without the risk of damage.”

The good news is that finish manufacturers have kept pace by developing more advanced cleaning products so it’s easier than ever to clean wood floors — even if they’re actually laminates, engineered wood or exotic materials like cork or bamboo.

First steps involve inspecting and testing the floor’s condition. Failing to do that, says Griffin, leads to problems. Other red flags are failing to communicate with the customer “regarding limitation of the process, and a tendency to oversell the process when, in fact, a complete sand and refinish is what’s needed to obtain acceptable results in the eye of the buyer.”

If you get a job treating wood floors, develop a checklist to make sure you cover your bases:

  • Communicate with your client — photograph the problem areas and show finish examples (gloss, satin etc.)
  • Test the existing finish with the cleaning products you plan to use
  • Create a “scope of work” and have the customer sign it — it should specify number of coats and cost
  • Apply thin to medium coats
  • Rinse well
  • Do not use air movers (they can stir up dust and ripple the finish)
  • Give your customer instructions on proper cleaning of the surface
  • Make a note to yourself to keep in touch with your customers — wood floors need to be recoated every few years and this is your chance to generate repeat business.

Cleaning Tips: Tile & Grout Maintenance

Practical advice to get the job done more efficiently

Do any of your customers have tile floors? Then you probably know a bit about tile and grout maintenance. Actually, “tile and grout maintenance” is a misnomer — it’s all about keeping the grout clean.

Keeping the hard floor surface is a piece of cake. Whether the tile is porcelain, ceramic, quarry, terra-cotta or brick, best practices for cleaning hard floors are basically the same. The raw materials that go into tile are varied, ranging from clay to quartz.

The one thing they have in common is that they produce an end product that is extremely durable and water resistant. They typically have a ceramic hardness rating of 5 (the hardest). Contrast that with grout, which is extremely porous and irregular.

No surprise, then, that grout soils faster and more distinctly than tile. If the grout (and tile) were installed properly, then the grout was treated with a sealer. Even then, without proper maintenance the grout discolors quickly. Proper maintenance is not simply damp mopping or spot mopping. This only moves soil from one spot to another.

What’s the solution? Actually, there are three:

One: Use a pressurized spinning tool and hot water extractor. This basically blows the soil out of the low areas so the extractor can eliminate it.

Two: Use counter-rotating brushes in combination with a wet-floor vac.

Three: Use a rotary floor machine with a wet floor vac.

For some great options in equipment, see EDIC’s line of tile and grout cleaning machines.

TIP: Whichever periodic cleaning method you use, the key is to get your customer to agree to a routine (daily, if possible) cleaning schedule for basic mopping and regular professional service. Avoid black soil buildup on the grout in the first place, and you won’t have to deal with a complete restoration.

Cleaning Tips: Cleaning Upholstery The Right Way

Practical advice to get the job done more efficiently

Are you an expert at cleaning upholstery? Or are you an expert at cleaning carpet — and simply pick up upholstery cleaning jobs when they come along?

If you fall in the second camp, then you just may find yourself cleaning upholstery the same way you do carpet. Same process. Same cleaning solutions. Same equipment.

Sound familiar? If so, you may be running into problems that you don’t have to. Here are some tips to help you eliminate the problems and help you charge the right amount — probably more — for upholstery jobs.

First use the proper pre-spray. Don’t just grab your carpet pre-spray and figure that’s good enough. There’s a big difference chemically between the two and you’ll see the difference in the final result. Then, make sure you apply the pre-spray properly — apply it evenly, heavy enough to work but not so heavy that it goes through the fabric to the padding. Use a good sprayer — not a trigger sprayer. The best way is to get a one or two-gallon stainless-steel sprayer with a hose long enough to reach around furniture.

After you apply the pre-spray, agitate. Get yourself a good brush to handle this task — a horsehair brush with a tight bristle pack will do the job nicely.

Next, get ready for extraction. Pre-test a spot and you’re ready to go.

Use the proper cleaning equipment. If you have a truckmount, you may be tempted to use it for upholstery. Not necessarily. A good portable with a handheld upholstery tool gets the job done just as well. And you’re not putting excess wear and tear on your expensive equipment. A good portable provides plenty of heat, enough pressure (less than 100 psi is plenty) and quite enough extraction power for often-delicate fabrics.

Develop your expertise with upholstery cleaning and you’ll find this is a great way to boost business!